Farmworker with a short-handled hoe


Farm labor is dirty back breaking work. Mostly in California, farm labor was made even tougher by growers insistence that workers us a short handled-hoe rather than the typical hoe with a four to five foot long handle. Using the short-handled hoe meant that workers had to stoop over all day long.


Photograph by Leonard Nadel, 1956, National Museum of American History.